High blood pressure symptoms are rarely noticeable and can be mistaken for less serious health conditions. If symptoms do show, some of the more common ones are shortness breath, headaches, chest pain and dizziness. Left untreated, high blood pressure can result in serious health problems, including a heart attack. Three important symptoms to be aware of, and perhaps the more physically obvious ones, are bleeding from three areas of the body.
Blood in urine
Blood in urine could occur because high blood pressure is a risk factor for kidney disease, which can cause small amounts of blood when you wee.
But it should also be noted that blood in the urine could also be a sign of a urinary tract infection (URI), kidney stones or enlarged prostate.
Nose bleeds occur when fragile, poorly supported blood vessels running through the lining of the nose are damaged, explains Dr Sarah Brewer on her website Mylowerbloodpressure.com.
She adds: “It makes sense that having a high blood pressure could distend these delicate blood vessels and increase the chance of a spontaneous nose bleed.”
Dr Brewer cites a study which confirmed the risk of nose bleeding was 53 per cent to 86 per cent greater in people with hypertension than in those whose blood pressure was classed as normal.
There have been many studies which have found the link between high blood pressure and nose bleeds.
Dr Brewer says: “It’s important to control blood pressure properly to prevent persistent nose bleeds.
“A persistent nosebleed (epistaxis) was significantly more frequent in people with hypertension than in those without (26 per cent versus 8 per cent) according to the records of people visiting an emergency department.
“Those with persistent nose bleeding had a significantly higher systolic blood pressure (average 181.3mmHg) compared with people presenting with other emergency conditions (156.6 mmHg, which is also raised partly due to the stress and anxiety involved).”
Tiny blood vessels supply blood to the eye, and just like other blood vessels in the body, they too can be damaged by high blood pressure, explains Mayo Clinic.